Volume 2, Issue 2 (5-2022)                   HASES 2022, 2(2): 236-247 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Panahi M. The Mediating Role of Emotion Regulation within the Relationship between Neuroticism and Participation Motivation. HASES. 2022; 2 (2) :236-247
URL: http://hasesjournal.com/article-1-52-en.html
Ph.D Student in Psychology, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran , marypan73@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (33 Views)
In this research, we investigated the mediating role of emotion regulation within the relationship between neuroticism and participation motivation. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 261 employees (98 males agerange = 18-60 years) belonging to Iran Oil Company participated and completed questionnaires of big five factors of personality (Costa and McGree, 1989), cognitive emotion regulation (Garnowski and Craig, 2006) and participation motivation (Gill et al., 1983). Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling. The results indicate that neuroticism has indirect effects on participation motivation through adaptive emotion regulation and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies. The results suggest that emotion regulation strategies may be a significant mediator in the neuroticism- participation motivation link. One’s difficulty in regulating emotions might be an underlying mechanism through which high neuroticism decreases the participation motivation and health behavior. The study implies that the assessment of emotion regulation strategies should be included in interventional programs aimed at achieving employees’ sport participation.
Full-Text [PDF 600 kb]   (11 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Motor behavior
Received: 2022/06/14 | Accepted: 2022/05/31 | Published: 2022/05/31

1. Aeron, S., & Pathak, S. (2012). Relationship between team member personality and team cohesion: An exploratory study in IT industry. Management and Labour studies, 37(3), 267-282. [DOI:10.1177/0258042X13484839]
2. Anderson, E., & Durstine, J. L. (2019). Physical activity, exercise, and chronic diseases: A brief review. Sports Medicine and Health Science, 1(1), 3-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.smhs.2019.08.006]
3. Asare Dezfuli, M., Alam, S., & Zarghami, M. (2018). Strategic Planning of Development of Sport for All in the National Iranian Oil Company. Contemporary Studies On Sport Management, 8(15), 45-60.
4. Bahrampour, S., Abdoshahi, M., & Rahimian Mashhadi, M. (2022). The Role of Personality Types, Perception of Success and Regulation of Sports Behavior in Motivation of Sports Participation in Non-Athlete Female Students: a self-determination theory Approach. Sport Psychology Studies (ie, mutaleat ravanshenasi varzeshi).
5. Baledi, R., AkbariYazdi, H., & Azadfada, S. (2020). Development of sports development guides Abadan Oil Refining Company. Public Policy In Administration, 10(4), 81-95.
6. Baledi, R., AkbariYazdi, H., & Azadfada, S. (2021). the effect of participation in sports on the psychological adjustment of Abadan Oil Refining Company employees. Sport Psychology Studies (ie, mutaleat ravanshenasi varzeshi).
7. Beedie, C. J., Lane, A. M., & Wilson, M. G. (2012). A possible role for emotion and emotion regulation in physiological responses to false performance feedback in 10 mile laboratory cycling. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 37(4), 269-277. [DOI:10.1007/s10484-012-9200-7]
8. Bernstein, E. E., Curtiss, J. E., Wu, G. W., Barreira, P. J., & McNally, R. J. (2019). Exercise and emotion dynamics: An experience sampling study. Emotion, 19(4), 637. [DOI:10.1037/emo0000462]
9. Besharat, M. A., & Bazzazian, S. (2014). Psychometric properties of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire in a sample of Iranian population. Journal of Shahid Beheshti School of Nursing & Midwifery, 24(84), 61-70.
10. Bipp, T., & Kleinbeck, U. (2011). The effect of neuroticism in the process of goal pursuit. Personality and individual differences, 51(4), 454-459. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2011.04.014]
11. Box, A. G., Feito, Y., Brown, C., & Petruzzello, S. J. (2019). Individual differences influence exercise behavior: how personality, motivation, and behavioral regulation vary among exercise mode preferences. Heliyon, 5(4), e01459 [DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01459]
12. Cece, V., Guillet-Descas, E., Brenas, M., & Martinent, G. (2021). The role of dispositional emotion regulation strategies on the longitudinal emotional process and subjective performance during a competitive season. European Journal of Sport Science, 21(10), 1448-1458. [DOI:10.1080/17461391.2020.1862304]
13. Chatripour, R., Rad, K. S., Sharifi, H., & Jorvand, R. (2021). Comparison of the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in military and non-military (civilian) personnel and its relationship with lifestyle. Journal of Military Medicine, 23(4), 358-366.
14. Costa Jr, P. T., McCrae, R. R., & Löckenhoff, C. E. (2019). Personality across the life span. Annual review of psychology, 70, 423-448. [DOI:10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103244]
15. Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1989). The NEO-PI/NEO-FFI manual supplement. Odessa, FL.: Psychological Assessment Resources.
16. Costa, S., Oliva, P., & Cuzzocrea, F. (2014). Motivational aspects and personality correlates of physical exercise behavior. Facta Universitatis, Series: Physical Education and Sport, 83-93.
17. Czarna, A. Z., Zajenkowski, M., Maciantowicz, O., & Szymaniak, K. (2021). The relationship of narcissism with tendency to react with anger and hostility: The roles of neuroticism and emotion regulation ability. Current Psychology, 40(11), 5499-5514. [DOI:10.1007/s12144-019-00504-6]
18. Garnefski, N., & Kraaij, V. (2006). Cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire-development of a short 18-item version (CERQ-short). Personality and individual differences, 41(6), 1045-1053. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2006.04.010]
19. Garousi Farshi, M., Mehriar, A. H., & Ghazitabatabaei, M. (2001). Standardization of the new neo personality test and analytical study of its characteristics and factor structure among students of Iranian universities. Quarterly journal of Al-Zahra University, 39(11), 173-98.
20. Ghadiri, S., & Salehian, M. H. (2019). Anticipation of Emotion Regulation and Psychological Well-being on Athletic Performance of Professional and Semi-professional Athletes. Sport psychology Studies, 8(29): 151-70. (In Persian). DOI: 10.22089/spsyj.2019.7244.1770.
21. Gill, D. L., Gross, J. B. & Huddleston, S. (1983). Participation motivation in youth sports. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 14, 1-14.
22. Gill, D. L., Gross, J. B. & Huddleston, S. (1983). Participation motivation in youth sports. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 14, 1-14.
23. Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2002). Wise emotion regulation. In L. F. Barrett & P. Salovey (Eds.), The wisdom in feeling: Psychological processes in emotional intelligence (pp. 297-319). The Guilford Press.
24. Hallaji, M., & Saalekpoor, M. (2018). Comparison of Achievement Motivation in Sports between Successful and Failed Female Participants in School Olympiads. Quarterly Journal of Education, 34(3), 143-159.
25. Kekäläinen, T., Laakkonen, E. K., Terracciano, A., Savikangas, T., Hyvärinen, M., Tammelin, T. H., ... & Kokko, K. (2020). Accelerometer-measured and self-reported physical activity in relation to extraversion and neuroticism: a cross-sectional analysis of two studies. BMC geriatrics, 20(1), 1-11. [DOI:10.1186/s12877-020-01669-7]
26. Kim, J., & James, J. D. (2019). Sport and Happiness: Understanding the Relations Among Sport Consumption Activities, Long-and Short-Term Subjective Well-Being, and Psychological Need Fulfillment. Journal of Sport Management, 33 (2), 119-132. [DOI:10.1123/jsm.2018-0071]
27. Klatt, S., Rückel, L. M., Wagener, S., & Noël, B. (2021). Personality Traits and Emotion Regulation Styles of Elite Beach Volleyball Dyads: Examination of Intra-Team Differences, Performance and Satisfaction Levels. Frontiers in psychology, 4776. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.719572]
28. Kotov, R., Watson, D., Robles, J. P., & Schmidt, N. B. (2007). Personality traits and anxiety symptoms: The multilevel trait predictor model. Behaviour research and therapy, 45(7), 1485-1503. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2006.11.011]
29. Ley, C. (2020). Participation motives of sport and exercise maintainers: Influences of age and gender. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(21), 7830. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17217830]
30. Liu, Y. H., Liu, J. C., Lin, M. T., & Chen, W. C. (2020). Participation of senior citizens in somatosensory games: a correlation between the willingness to exercise and happiness. Journal of Ambient Intelligence And Humanized Computing, 1-15. [DOI:10.1007/s12652-020-01918-y]
31. Maghsoudi, F., AJILCHI, B., & Zareian, E. (2018). Relationship between Cognitive Emotion Regulation and Coping Styles with Sport Success in Athlete Students.
32. Martin-Krumm, C. P., Sarrazin, P. G., Peterson, C., & Famose, J. P. (2003). Explanatory style and resilience after sports failure. Personality and individual differences, 35(7), 1685-1695. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00390-2]
33. McEwan, D., Boudreau, P., Curran, T., & Rhodes, R. E. (2019). Personality traits of high-risk sport participants: A meta-analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 79, 83-93. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2019.02.006]
34. McRae, K., & Gross, J. J. (2020). Emotion regulation. Emotion, 20(1), 1. [DOI:10.1037/emo0000703]
35. Mohebi, M., & Zarei, S. (2019). The relationship between emotion regulation strategies and state and trait competitive anxiety in South Korean Ambassador's Cup taekwondo athletes. Shenakht journal of psychology & psychiatry, 6(2), 86-101. [DOI:10.29252/shenakht.6.2.86]
36. Mohebi, M., & Zarei, S. (2021). Self-Compassion and the Risk of Exercise Addiction in College Students. Sports Psychology, 1400(1), 63-74.
37. Mohebi, M., Gharayagh Zandi, H., Besharat, M. A., & Ghayour Najafabadi, M. (2021). Structural Equation Modeling The Relationship between Self-compassion and Negative Emotional Responses to Failure: The Mediating Role of Cognetive Emotion Regulation. Journal of sports and Motor development and learning, 12(4), 415-431. (In Persian)
38. Mohebi, M., Gharayagh Zandi, H., Besharat, M. A., & Ghayour Najafabadi, M. (2021). Structural Equation Modeling The Relationship between Self-compassion and Negative Emotional Responses to Failure: The Mediating Role of Cognetive Emotion Regulation. Journal of sports and Motor development and learning, 12(4), 415-431. (In Persian)
39. Mohebi, M., Zarei, S., & Sodabeh, M. A. (2016). Comparison of Emotion Regulation Strategies in Successful and Unsuccessful Teen Taekwondo Athletes. RassJournal, 7(3), 266-277. (In Persian)
40. Mohebi, M., Zarei, S., & Sohbatiha, M. (2017). The relationship between Emotion regulation strategies and mental toughness in elite taekwondo athletes. Sport Psychology Studies (ie, mutaleat ravanshenasi varzeshi), 6(21), 29-42.
41. Molanorouzi, K., Khoo, S., & Morris, T. (2015). Motives for adult participation in physical activity: type of activity, age, and gender. BMC public health, 15(1), 1-12. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-015-1429-7]
42. Momenan, A., Delshad, M., Mirmiran, P., Ghanbarian, A., Safarkhani, M., & Azizi, F. (2012). Physical inactivity and related factors in an adult Tehranian population (Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study). Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 13(5).
43. Muris, P., Roelofs, J., Rassin, E., Franken, I., & Mayer, B. (2005). Mediating effects of rumination and worry on the links between neuroticism, anxiety and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 39(6), 1105-1111. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2005.04.005]
44. Nowlan, J. S., Wuthrich, V. M., & Rapee, R. M. (2015). Positive reappraisal in older adults: a systematic literature review. Aging & Mental Health, 19(6), 475-484. [DOI:10.1080/13607863.2014.954528]
45. Panahi, M., Esmaeili, A., Goodarzi, K., & Roozbahani, M. (2021). Structural Modeling of Participation Motivation in Sport Activities based on Feeling of Joy in Workers. Journal of Islamic Life Style, 5(3). (In Persian)
46. Piepiora, P. (2021). Assessment of personality traits influencing the performance of men in team sports in terms of the big five. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.679724]
47. Piepiora, P., Piepiora, Z., & Bagińska, J. (2022). Personality and Sport Experience of 20-29-Year-Old Polish Male Professional Athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 854804. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.854804]
48. Poppelaars, E. S., Klackl, J., Pletzer, B., Wilhelm, F. H., & Jonas, E. (2019). Social-evaluative threat: Stress response stages and influences of biological sex and neuroticism. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 109, 104378. [DOI:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.104378]
49. Robazza, C., Morano, M., Bortoli, L., & Ruiz, M. C. (2022). Perceived motivational climate influences athletes' emotion regulation strategies, emotions, and psychobiosocial experiences. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 59, 102110. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2021.102110]
50. Robinson, M. D., Moeller, S. K., & Fetterman, A. K. (2010). Neuroticism and responsiveness to error feedback: Adaptive self‐regulation versus affective reactivity. Journal of personality, 78(5), 1469-1496. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00658.x]
51. Sachs, M. L. (2018). Applied Exercise Psychology: The Challenging Journey from Motivation to Adherence. Routledge.
52. Saeed Abbasi, I., Rattan, N., Kousar, T., & Khalifa Elsayed, F. (2018). Neuroticism and close relationships: How negative affect is linked with relationship disaffection in couples. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 46(2), 139-152. [DOI:10.1080/01926187.2018.1461030]
53. Safari, J. H. R., Abdollahi, M. H., & Ghanborpour, N. A. (2019). The effect of big five personality traits on Motivation to participate in sport among students of Shiraz University, journal of sport management & behavior movement, 113-125. (In Persian)
54. Shafizadeh, M. (2007). The study of validity and reliability in the participation motivation questionnaire and task and ego orientation in sport questionnaire among the secondary and high school students of Tehran. Research in Sports Science, 5 (14), 31-15. (In Persian)
55. Siyaguna, T., Myhre, S. K., Saxton, B. T., & Rokke, P. D. (2019). Neuroticism and emotion regulation predict attention performance during positive affect. Current Psychology, 38(6), 1542-1549. [DOI:10.1007/s12144-017-9701-x]
56. Smith, G., Williams, L., O'donnell, C., & McKechnie, J. (2017). The influence of social-cognitive constructs and personality traits on physical activity in healthy adults. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 15(5), 540-555. [DOI:10.1080/1612197X.2016.1142459]
57. Sosnowska, J., Hofmans, J., & De Fruyt, F. (2020). Revisiting the neuroticism-performance link: A dynamic approach to individual differences. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 93(2), 495-504. [DOI:10.1111/joop.12298]
58. Soukhtezari, S., Farzan, F., & Doosti, M. (2020). Comparing Personality Traits of Athlete and Non-Athlete Students of Medical Sciences Universities. Journal of Medicine and Cultivation, 28, 36-47.
59. Sukys, S., Tilindienė, I., Cesnaitiene, V. J., & Kreivyte, R. (2019). Does emotional intelligence predict athletes' motivation to participate in sports? Perceptual and motor skills, 126(2), 305-322. [DOI:10.1177/0031512518825201]
60. Tamminen, K. A., Gaudreau, P., McEwen, C. E., & Crocker, P. R. (2016). Interpersonal emotion regulation among adolescent athletes: A Bayesian multilevel model predicting sport enjoyment and commitment. Journal of sport and Exercise Psychology, 38(6), 541-555. [DOI:10.1123/jsep.2015-0189]
61. Tamminen, K. A., Kim, J., Danyluck, C., McEwen, C. E., Wagstaff, C. R., & Wolf, S. A. (2021). The effect of self-and interpersonal emotion regulation on athletes' anxiety and goal achievement in competition. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 57, 102034. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2021.102034]
62. Uziel, L., Seemann, M., & Schmidt‐Barad, T. (2020). From being alone to being the only one: Neuroticism is associated with an egocentric shift in an alone context. Journal of Personality, 88(2), 339-355. [DOI:10.1111/jopy.12494]
63. Vafaee Najar, A., Vahedian Shahroody, M., Dogonchi, M., & Dogonchi, A. M. (2017). The effectiveness of physical activity training on emotional exhaustion of employees in city of Agh Ghala-2013. Pajouhan Scientific Journal, 15(2), 20-26.
64. Vallerand, R. J. (2007). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport and physical activity: A review and a look at the future. [DOI:10.5040/9781718206632.ch-017]
65. Wagstaff, C. R. (2014). Emotion regulation and sport performance. Journal of sport & exercise psychology, 36(4). [DOI:10.1123/jsep.2013-0257]
66. World Health Organization. (2019). Global action plan on physical activity 2018-2030: more active people for a healthier world. World Health Organization.
67. Yang, S. X., Jowett, S., & Chan, D. K. (2015). Effects of big‐five personality traits on the quality of relationship and satisfaction in C hinese coach-athlete dyads. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 25(4), 568-580. [DOI:10.1111/sms.12329]
68. Zandi, H. G., & Mohbi, M. (2016). Evaluating Psychological Traits of Taekwondo athletes competing in World classes and League superior. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 6(2), 133-133.
69. Zarei, M., Momeni, F., & Mohammadkhani, P. (2018). The mediating role of cognitive flexibility, shame and emotion dysregulation between neuroticism and depression. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, 16(1), 61-68. [DOI:10.29252/nrip.irj.16.1.61]
70. Zarei, S., Mohebi, M., & Garayagh Zandi, H. (2022). The causal model of elite athletes' burnout during the Covid-19 based on athletes' perfectionism with the mediating role of coaches' behaviors. Journal of Psychology, 4(100), 595. (In Persian)
71. Zarei, S., Mohebi, M., & Salman, Z. (2021). The Comparison of Self-Compassion between College Athletes with and without Exposed Exercise Addiction. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology. (In Persian).

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Humanistic approach to sport and exercise studies

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb