Volume 2, Issue 2 (5-2022)                   HASES 2022, 2(2): 188-200 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abdoshahi M, Babaei T. Psychological Burnout in Elite Athletes with Disabilities: The Predictive Role of the Mood States and Mental Toughness. HASES 2022; 2 (2) :188-200
URL: http://hasesjournal.com/article-1-49-en.html
1- Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran , dr.abdoshahy@gmail.com
2- Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (405 Views)
Psychological variables that affect mental health are divided into useful and harmful variables. Useful variables are beneficial for improving mental health and quality of life, and increasing well-being, for instance, happiness, calmness, vigor, and mental toughness. Harmful variables reduce mental health, quality, and enjoyment of life, for example, negative mood states, anxiety, and burnout. This study aimed to predict psychological burnout based on mood states and mental toughness of elite athletes with physical disabilities. Participants have included 150 athletes with physical disabilities (77women; 73men) competing at national or international Paralympic sports teams (mean age=42.34 ±7.44y, mean experience=8.38 ± 3.19 y) that were selected in the random method. Participants accomplished the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire, the 32-item Brunel Mood Scale, and the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis showed that happiness (moderate negative power, 51%), vigor (weak negative power, 28%), fatigue (weak positive power, 22%), mental toughness (medium negative power, 57%), and confidence (weak negative power, 29%) were able to predict the total burnout of the athletes with disabilities. These findings are essential for psychologists since developing and increasing the useful variables and inhibiting or decreasing the harmful variables for mental health can prevent sports burnout.
Full-Text [PDF 543 kb]   (145 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Motor behavior
Received: 2022/06/3 | Accepted: 2022/06/7 | Published: 2022/05/31

1. Members may also deposit reference lists here too. Andrade, A., de Orleans Casagrande, P., Bevilacqua, G. G., Pereira, F. S., Matte, D. L., & Coimbra, D. R. (2019). Burnout in elite junior tennis players: a multiple case study. Revista de psicología del deporte, 28(2), 97-106.
2. Bačanac, L., Milićević-Marinković, B., Kasum, G., & Marinković, M. (2014). Competitive anxiety, self-confidence, and psychological skills in top athletes with and without disabilities: a pilot study. Facta Universitatis, Series: Physical Education and Sport, 9, 59-70.
3. Barrett, J., Eason, C. M., Lazar, R., & Mazerolle, S. M. (2016). Personality traits and burnout among athletic trainers employed in the collegiate setting. Journal of athletic training, 51(6), 454-459. [DOI:10.4085/1062-6050-51.7.08]
4. Bicalho, C. C. F., & Da Costa, V. T. (2018). Burnout in elite athletes: a systematic review. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 18(1), 89-102.
5. Brandt, R., Bevilacqua, G. G., & Andrade, A. (2017). Perceived sleep quality, mood states, and their relationship with performance among Brazilian elite athletes during a competitive period. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 31(4), 1033-1039. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001551]
6. Chang, K.-H., Lu, F. J., Chyi, T., Hsu, Y.-W., Chan, S.-W., & Wang, E. T. (2017). Examining the stress-burnout relationship: the mediating role of negative thoughts. PeerJ, 5, 4181. [DOI:10.7717/peerj.4181]
7. Cheung, P., & Li, C. (2019). Physical activity and mental toughness as antecedents of academic burnout among school students: A latent profile approach. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(11), 2024. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph16112024]
8. Clarke, D., & Goosen, T. (2009). The mediating effects of coping strategies in the relationship between automatic negative thoughts and depression in a clinical sample of diabetes patients. Personality and individual differences, 46(4), 460-464. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2008.11.014]
9. Demirel, H. (2019). Social Appearance Anxiety and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scores in Young Physical Disabled Athletes. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(3), 664-667. [DOI:10.13189/ujer.2019.070304]
10. Espinosa, E. C., García, C. M., Sanchis, C., Fargueta, M., & Herráiz, E. B. (2017). Spanish Validation of BRUMS in Sporting and Non-Sporting Populations. European Journal of Human Movement, 38, 105-117.
11. Fagundes, L. H. S., Noce, F., Albuquerque, M. R., de Andrade, A. G. P., & Teoldo da Costa, V. (2021). Can motivation and overtraining predict burnout in professional soccer athletes in different periods of the season? International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 19(2):279-94. [DOI:10.1080/1612197X.2019.1655778]
12. Farokhi Ahmad, Moteshareie Ebrahim, Zeidabady Rasool. (2013). Validity And Reliability of Persian Version of Brunel Mood Scale 32 Items. Motor Behavior, 5(13), 15-40.
13. Gerber, M., Best, S., Meerstetter, F., Walter, M., Ludyga, S., Brand, S., ... & Gustafsson, H. (2018). Effects of stress and mental toughness on burnout and depressive symptoms: A prospective study with young elite athletes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 21(12), 1200-1205. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsams.2018.05.018]
14. Gerber, M., Feldmeth, A. K., Lang, C., Brand, S., Elliot, C., Holsboer-Trachsler, E., et al. (2015). The relationship between mental toughness, stress, and burnout among adolescents: A longitudinal study with Swiss vocational students. Psychological Reports, 117, 703-723. [DOI:10.2466/14.02.PR0.117c29z6]
15. Gucciardi, D. F., & Gordon, S. (2009). Development and preliminary validation of the cricket mental toughness inventory (CMTI). Journal of Sports Sciences, 27, 1293-1310. [DOI:10.1080/02640410903242306]
16. Gustafsson, H., DeFreese, J., & Madigan, D. J. (2017). Athlete burnout: Review and recommendations. Current opinion in psychology, 16, 109-113. [DOI:10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.05.002]
17. Hajloo, N., Sobhi, N., Babaei, K., Sadeghi, H. (2016). Psychometric Properties of Persian Version of Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ). Sport Psychology Studies, 5(15), 51-64.
18. Kashani Vali Ollah, Shiri Hajar, Manaseri Hamideh. (2015). Psychometric Properties and Normalization of Persian Version of Mental Toughness Scale. Research On Educational Sport, 2(7), 83-98.
19. Koutsimani, P., Anthony, M., & Georganta, K. (2019). The relationship between burnout, depression, and anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 284-289. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00284]
20. Lane, A., Soos, I., Leibinger, E., ARSAI, I., & Harmar, P. (2008). Validity of the Brunel Mood Scale for use with the UK, Italian and Hungarian athletes. BAKERE, Samuel. Hot Topics in Sports and Athletics. New York: New Science Publishers Inc, 115-127.
21. Lane, A. M., & Terry, P. C. (2000). The nature of mood: Development of a conceptual model with a focus on depression. Journal of applied sport psychology, 12(1), 16-33. [DOI:10.1080/10413200008404211]
22. Lee, K. K., & Uihlein, M. J. (2019). Adaptive sports in the rehabilitation of disabled veterans. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics, 30(1), 289-299. [DOI:10.1016/j.pmr.2018.08.001]
23. Liew, G. C., Kuan, G., Chin, N. S., & Hashim, H. A. (2019). Mental toughness in sport. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research, 49(4), 381-394. [DOI:10.1007/s12662-019-00603-3]
24. Lu FJ, Lee WP, Chang YK, Chou CC, Hsu YW, Lin JH, Gill D (2016) Interaction of athletes' resilience and coaches' social support on the stress-burnout relationship: A conjunctive moderation perspective. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2, 202-209. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.08.005]
25. Macdougall, H., O'Halloran, P., Sherry, E., & Shields, N. (2016). Needs and strengths of Australian para-athletes: identifying their subjective psychological, social, and physical health and well-being. The sport psychologist, 30(1), 1-12. [DOI:10.1123/tsp.2015-0006]
26. Madigan, D. J., Gustafsson, H., Smith, A., Raedeke, T., & Hill, A. P. (2019). The BASES expert statement on burnout in sport. The sport and exercise scientist, 61, 6-7.
27. Madigan, D. J., & Nicholls, A. R. (2017). Mental toughness and burnout in junior athletes: A longitudinal investigation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 32, 138-142. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.07.002]
28. Madigan, D. J., Rumbold, J. L., Gerber, M., & Nicholls, A. R. (2020). Coping tendencies and changes in athlete burnout over time. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 48, 101666. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101666]
29. Martin, J. (2012). Mental preparation for the 2014 winter Paralympic games. Clinical journal of sports medicine, 22(1), 70-73. [DOI:10.1097/JSM.0b013e31824204cc]
30. Papageorgiou, K. A., Gianniou, F. M., Wilson, P., Moneta, G. B., Bilello, D., & Clough, P. J. (2019). The bright side of the dark: Exploring the positive effect of narcissism on perceived stress through mental toughness. Personality and individual differences, 139, 116-124. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2018.11.004]
31. Powell, A. J., & Myers, T. D. (2017). Developing mental toughness: lessons from Paralympians. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1270. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01270]
32. Raedeke, T. D., & Smith, A. L. (2001). Development and preliminary validation of an athlete burnout measure. Journal of sport and exercise psychology, 23(4), 281-306. [DOI:10.1123/jsep.23.4.281]
33. Scotto di Luzio, S., Martinent, G., Guillet-Descas, E., & Daigle, M. P. (2020). Exploring the role of sports sense of community in perceived athlete burnout, sports motivation, and engagement. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 32(5), 513-528. [DOI:10.1080/10413200.2019.1575298]
34. Shapiro, D. R., & Malone, L. A. (2016). Quality of life and psychological affect related to sport participation in children and youth athletes with physical disabilities: A parent and athlete perspective. Disability and health journal, 9(3), 385-391. [DOI:10.1016/j.dhjo.2015.11.007]
35. Shapiro, D. R., & Martin, J. J. (2010). Athletic identity, affect, and peer relations in youth athletes with physical disabilities. Disability and health journal, 3(2), 79-85. [DOI:10.1016/j.dhjo.2009.08.004]
36. Shapiro, D. R., & Martin, J. J. (2014). The relationships among sport self-perceptions and social well-being in athletes with physical disabilities. Disability and health journal, 7(1), 42-48. [DOI:10.1016/j.dhjo.2013.06.002]
37. Sheard, M., Golby, J., & Van Wersch, A. (2009). Progress toward construct validation of the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 25(3), 186-193. [DOI:10.1027/1015-5759.25.3.186]
38. Smith, A. L., Pacewicz, C. E., & Raedeke, T. D. (2019). Athlete burnout in competitive sport. Advances in sport and exercise psychology (4th ed., pp. 409-424). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
39. Souza, R. O. d., Osiecki, R., Silva, J. K. F. d., Costa, P. d. L., & Stefanello, J. M. F. (2018). Analysis of psychological variables associated with the burnout syndrome and performance in adult athletes through the athlete burnout questionnaire-ABQ. Journal of Physical Education, 29, 38-43. [DOI:10.4025/jphyseduc.v29i1.2928]
40. Vancini, R. L., Gomes, A., Oliveira, H., De Lira, C. A. B., Rufo-Tavares, W., Andrade, M., . . . Nikolaidis, P. T. (2019). Quality of Life, Depression, Anxiety Symptoms and Mood State of Wheelchair Athletes and Non-athletes: A Preliminary Study. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 1848.. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01848]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Humanistic approach to sport and exercise studies

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb