Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2021)                   HASES 2021, 1(1): 62-79 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Samadi R. Relationship of Narcissism and Coping Strategies with Competitive Stress among Female Elite Athletes. HASES. 2021; 1 (1) :62-79
URL: http://hasesjournal.com/article-1-27-en.html
Department of Physical Education, Tabriz branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran , rogayyesamadi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (190 Views)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between narcissism and coping strategies with competitive stress in elite athletes. This research was a descriptive-correlation research method (structural equation modeling). In terms of purpose, the present study was an applied type of research and, in terms of time, was a kind of future research. The statistical population of this study was all elite male and female athletes of East Azarbaijan province in two age groups of youth and adults from team who participated in the championship of 2019. According to the Cochran formula 270 athletes were selected as a sample size. To collect demographic information and measure variables, Individual information form, narcissism and coping strategies in sports competition questionnaires were used. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (KS) was used to verify the natural distribution of data, Cronbach's alpha coefficient to calculate the internal consistency of instrument, Pearson correlation coefficient to determine the correlation between variables, Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to study the structural equation modeling and (SEM) models to test the fitting of the base model with the data and to determine the structural relationships between the variables at 95 confidence level, using SPSS22 and Liserl software version 8.53. The results showed that pride had with the greatest impact and the most important role on thought control strategy, imagery, logical analysis, search support, evacuation of unpleasant emotions, distraction of mind and surrender/withdrawal. To be Right had the greatest impact and the most important role on relaxation strategy, efforts to deal with competitive stress in elite athletes.
Full-Text [PDF 1283 kb]   (114 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Motor behavior
Received: 2021/10/15 | Accepted: 2021/11/1 | Published: 2021/09/23

References
1. Akehurst, S., & Thatcher, J. (2010). Narcissism, social anxiety and self-presentation in exercise. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(2), 130-135. [Google Scholar] Alicke, M. D., & Sedikides, C. (2011). Handbook of self-enhancement and self-protection. Guilford Press. [Google Scholar] Allen, M. S., Greenlees, I., & Jones, M. (2011). An investigation of the five-factor model of personality and coping behaviour in sport. Journal of sports sciences, 29(8), 841-850. [Google Scholar] Argiris, E. T., Mavvidis, A., & Tsigilis, N. (2018). Dealing with stress during tennis competition. The association of approach-and avoidance-coping with metacognition and achievement goal theory perspectives. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(4), 2454-2465. [Google Scholar] Bernacka, R. E., Sawicki, B., Mazurek-Kusiak, A., & Hawlena, J. (2016). Conforming and nonconforming personality and stress coping styles in combat athletes. Journal of human kinetics, 51, 225. [Google Scholar] Besharat, M. A., Agham Mohammadian, M. R., & Heidari, F. (2021). Perfectionism and self-esteem in physical education students. Behavioral Sciences Research, 2, 25-50. [Google Scholar] Brailovskaia, J., Rohmann, E., Bierhoff, H.-W., & Margraf, J. (2020). The anxious addictive narcissist: The relationship between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism, anxiety symptoms and Facebook Addiction. Plos one, 15(11), e0241632. [Google Scholar] Carver, C. S., & Connor-Smith, J. (2010). Personality and coping. Annual review of psychology, 61, 679-704. [Google Scholar] Connor-Smith, J. K., & Compas, B. E. (2004). Coping as a moderator of relations between reactivity to interpersonal stress, health status, and internalizing problems. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28(3), 347-368. [Google Scholar] Connor-Smith, J. K., & Flachsbart, C. (2007). Relations between personality and coping: a meta-analysis. Journal of personality and social psychology, 93(6), 1080. [Google Scholar] Cosma, G., Chiracu, A., Stepan, R., Cosma, A., Nanu, C., & Pǎunescu, C. (2020). Impact of coping strategies on sport performance. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20(3), 1380-1385. [Google Scholar] Dickinson, K. A., & Pincus, A. L. (2003). Interpersonal analysis of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. Journal of personality disorders, 17(3), 188-207. [Google Scholar] Edelstein, R. S., Yim, I. S., & Quas, J. A. (2010). Narcissism predicts heightened cortisol reactivity to a psychosocial stressor in men. Journal of Research in Personality, 44(5), 565-572. [Google Scholar] Edition, F. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Am Psychiatric Assoc, 21. [Google Scholar] Elman, W., & McKelvie, S. (2003). Narcissism in football players: Stereotype or reality. Athletic Insight, 5(1), 38-46. [Google Scholar] Endler, N. S., & Parker, J. D. (1990). Multidimensional assessment of coping: a critical evaluation. Journal of personality and social psychology, 58(5), 844. [Google Scholar] Fang, Y., Niu, Y., & Dong, Y. (2021). Exploring the relationship between narcissism and depression: The mediating roles of perceived social support and life satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 173, 110604. [Google Scholar] Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1986). Stress processes and depressive symptomatology. Journal of abnormal psychology, 95(2), 107. [Google Scholar] Freeman, P. (2021). Social support. Stress, Well-Being, and Performance in Sport, 240-258. [Google Scholar] Gabriel, M. T., Critelli, J. W., & Ee, J. S. (1994). Narcissistic illusions in self‐evaluations of intelligence and attractiveness. Journal of personality, 62(1), 143-155. [Google Scholar] Gaudreau, P., & Blondin, J. P. (2002). Development of a questionnaire for the assessment of coping strategies employed by athletes in competitive sport settings. Psychology of sport and exercise, 3(1), 1-34. [Google Scholar] Hasani, F., Kaseb, M. R. S., & Zeidabadi, R. (2015). Psychometric Properties of Persian Version of Athletes Coping Strategies Questionnaire in Competitive Sport. Sport Psychology Studies, 3(10), 1-24. [Google Scholar] Hatami, H., Khodaverdi, A., Hatami, Z., & Karimi, M. (2013). Comparison of Narcissism Levels between National and Regional Athlete Students and Non-Athlete Students. Journal of Motor Learning and Movement, 5(4), 107-124. [Google Scholar] Hatunoglu, B. Y. (2020). Stress coping strategies of university students. Kıbrıslı Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 15(5), 1320-1336. [Google Scholar] Houlcroft, L., Bore, M., & Munro, D. (2012). Three faces of narcissism. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(3), 274-278. [Google Scholar] Hyun, S., & Ku, X. (2021). Proactive coping mediates the relationship between the narcissism phenotypes and psychological health. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 49(7), 1-15. [Google Scholar] John, O. P., & Robins, R. W. (1994). Accuracy and bias in self-perception: individual differences in self-enhancement and the role of narcissism. Journal of personality and social psychology, 66(1), 206. [Google Scholar] Jones, B. D., Woodman, T., Barlow, M., & Roberts, R. (2017). The darker side of personality: Narcissism predicts moral disengagement and antisocial behavior in sport. The Sport Psychologist, 31(2), 109-116. [Google Scholar] Krohne, H. W. E. (1993). Attention and avoidance: Strategies in coping with aversiveness. Hogrefe & Huber Publishers. [Google Scholar] Lazarus, R. S. (2000). How emotions influence performance in competitive sports. The Sport Psychologist, 14(3), 229-252. [Google Scholar] Lazarus, R. S. (2006). Stress and emotion: A new synthesis. Springer publishing company. [Google Scholar] Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. Springer publishing company. [Google Scholar] Mohammadi, M. (2017). The role of self-aggrandizing narcissism and vulnerable narcissism in predicting self-expression strategies in graduate students of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz Ahwaz University]. [Google Scholar] Morf, C. C., Horvath, S., & Torchetti, L. (2011). Narcissistic self-enhancement: Tales of (successful?) self-portrayal. [Google Scholar] Nicholls, A. R., & Polman, R. C. J. (2007). Coping in sport: A systematic review. Journal of sports sciences, 25(1), 11-31. [Google Scholar] Okada, R. (2010). The relationship between vulnerable narcissism and aggression in Japanese undergraduate students. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(2), 113-118. [Google Scholar] Pasand, F., Bahramian, M., & Khorrami, F. (2016). Predicting stress coping styles based on five major personality factors in endurance runners. Journal of Sport Psychology, 8(1), 3-10. [Google Scholar] Publications, H. H. (2021). Understanding the stress response. Harvard Medical School. [Google Scholar] Saadat, S., Asghari, F., & Jazayeri, R. (2015). The relationship between academic self-efficacy with perceived stress, coping strategies and perceived social support among students of University of Guilan. Iranian Journal of Medical Education, 15(12), 75-83. [Google Scholar] Salehian, M. (2018). Investigating the narcissistic profile of elite and non-elite athletes Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch]. [Google Scholar] Wallace, H. M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2002). The performance of narcissists rises and falls with perceived opportunity for glory. Journal of personality and social psychology, 82(5), 819. [Google Scholar] Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2014). Foundations of sport and exercise psychology. Human Kinetics. [Google Scholar] Yavari, Y. (2014). Comparison of fascination and beliefs about appearance between professional and beginner bodybuilding athletes. . Studies in Sport Psychology, 7, 49-62. [Google Scholar] Yeh, L. (2016). The Effect of Stress Coping Techniques in Sports. [Google Scholar]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Humanistic approach to sport and exercise studies

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb