Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2021)                   HASES 2021, 1(1): 40-48 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohammadi F, Rajabi R, Alizadeh M, Bayattork M. Physical fitness and body composition profile of young people with mild intellectual impairment: a cross-sectional study among Iranian population. HASES 2021; 1 (1) :40-48
URL: http://hasesjournal.com/article-1-31-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Sports Medicine Research Center, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran. , mohammadi.ssrc@gmail.com
2- Health and Sports Medicine Department, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3- Sport and Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities Science, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (666 Views)
Abstract: The current study aimed to investigate that whether young people with mild intellectual impairments (II) having various levels of IQ have different physical fitness and body composition. Moreover, this study aims to answer this question that is there any association among IQ level, Body Mass Index, and physical fitness factors? A number of 1200 students from all Tehran’s special high schools were screened, and finally, 355 of them with mean age 24.6 ± 3.0 years, height 173.5 ± 6.8 cm, weight 78.6 ± 8.5 kg, and body mass index (BMI) 23.3 ± 2.8 kg/m2 were chosen to be included in the study based on including criteria. All participants had a mild II with the IQ range of 50 to 75 based on the Wechsler Intelligence Test. Participants' physical fitness was assessed by Eurofit special battery test. Body composition evaluation measured by Body Composition Scale. The results showed that there were significant differences in most physical fitness factors between males and females, except in dynamic balance and flexibility (P ≤ 0.05). There was a significant association between IQ levels with all physical fitness factors (P ≤ 0.05) except for flexibility. Different IQ levels were associated with physical fitness factors, so that II students with low IQ had lower physical fitness than those who had higher IQ. Practitioners should consider these differences when working with II people of different gender and different level of IQ.
Full-Text [PDF 942 kb]   (248 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology
Received: 2021/11/9 | Accepted: 2021/09/23 | Published: 2021/09/23

1. Chow, B., & Frey, G. C. (2005). An examination of health-related physical fitness levels in Hong Kong youth with intellectual disability. [Google Scholar]
2. Cowley, P. M., Ploutz-Snyder, L. L., Baynard, T., Heffernan, K., Jae, S. Y., Hsu, S., . . . Fernhall, B. (2010). Physical fitness predicts functional tasks in individuals with Down syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 42(2), 388-393. [Google Scholar]
3. Frey, G., & Chow, B. (2006). Relationship between BMI, physical fitness, and motor skills in youth with mild intellectual disabilities. International journal of obesity, 30(5), 861-867. [Google Scholar]
4. Frey, G. C., Stanish, H. I., & Temple, V. A. (2008). Physical activity of youth with intellectual disability: review and research agenda. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 25(2), 95-117. [Google Scholar]
5. Giagazoglou, P., Kokaridas, D., Sidiropoulou, M., Patsiaouras, A., Karra, C., & Neofotistou, K. (2013). Effects of a trampoline exercise intervention on motor performance and balance ability of children with intellectual disabilities. Research in developmental disabilities. 34(9), 2701-2707. [Google Scholar]
6. Golubović, Š., Maksimović, J., Golubović, B., & Glumbić, N. (2012). Effects of exercise on physical fitness in children with intellectual disability. Research in developmental disabilities, 33(2), 608-614. [Google Scholar]
7. Graham, A., & Reid, G. (2000). Physical fitness of adults with an intellectual disability: A 13-year follow-up study. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 71(2), 152-161. [Google Scholar]
8. Guidetti, L., Franciosi, E., Gallotta, M. C., Emerenziani, G. P., & Baldari, C. (2010). Could sport specialization influence fitness and health of adults with mental retardation? Research in developmental disabilities, 31(5), 1070-1075. [Google Scholar]
9. Hale, L., Bray, A., & Littmann, A. (2007). Assessing the balance capabilities of people with profound intellectual disabilities who have experienced a fall. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 51(4), 260-268. [Google Scholar]
10. Hartman, E., Houwen, S., Scherder, E., & Visscher, C. (2010). On the relationship between motor performance and executive functioning in children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54(5), 468-477. [Google Scholar]
11. Hove, O. (2004). Weight survey on adult persons with mental retardation living in the community. Research in developmental disabilities, 25(1), 9-17. [Google Scholar]
12. Lahtinen, U., Rintala, P., & Malin, A. (2007). Physical performance of individuals with intellectual disability: A 30-year follow-up. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 24(2), 125-143. [Google Scholar]
13. Looper, J., & Ulrich, D. A. (2010). Effect of treadmill training and supramalleolar orthosis use on motor skill development in infants with Down syndrome: a randomized clinical trial. Physical therapy, 90(3), 382-390. [Google Scholar]
14. Mayda, M. H., Karakoc, O., & Ozdal, M. (2016). The investigation of some physical, physiological and anthropometric parameters of visually impaired and non-impaired a national male judoka. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(6), 192-198. [Google Scholar]
15. Nouwens, P. J. G., Lucas, R., Smulders, N. B. M., Embregts, P. J. C. M., & van Nieuwenhuizen, C. (2017). Identifying classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning: a latent class analysis. BMC Psychiatry, 17(1), 257. doi:10.1186/s12888-017-1426-8. [Google Scholar]
16. Pitetti, K. H., Yarmer, D. A., & Fernhall, B. (2001). Cardiovascular fitness and body composition of youth with and without mental retardation. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 18(2), 127-141. [Google Scholar]
17. Salaun, L., & Berthouze‐Aranda, S. E. (2012). Physical fitness and fatness in adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 25(3), 231-239. [Google Scholar]
18. Skowroński, W., Horvat, M., Nocera, J., Roswal, G., & Croce, R. (2009). Eurofit special: European fitness battery score variation among individuals with intellectual disabilities. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 26(1), 54-67. [Google Scholar]
19. Van de Vliet, P., Rintala, P., Fröjd, K., Verellen, J., Van Houtte, S., Daly, D., & Vanlandewijck, Y. (2006). Physical fitness profile of elite athletes with intellectual disability. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 16(6), 417-425. [Google Scholar]
20. Vandenbroucke, J. P., Von Elm, E., Altman, D. G., Gøtzsche, P. C., Mulrow, C. D., Pocock, S. J., . . . Egger, M. (2009). Strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE): explanation and elaboration. Gaceta sanitaria, 23(2), 158e151-158e128. [Google Scholar]
21. Vuijk, P. J., Hartman, E., Scherder, E., & Visscher, C. (2010). Motor performance of children with mild intellectual disability and borderline intellectual functioning. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 45(11). 955-965. [Google Scholar]
22. Zhang, L., Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A., Wang, D., & Wu, X. (2020). Health and fitness indicators of individuals with intellectual disabilities in China: Performance differences among disability levels. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 45(2), 155-158. [Google Scholar]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Humanistic approach to sport and exercise studies

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb